Despite positive social, political, and economic trends, the data underpinning the progress to carbon neutrality is self-reported and inaccurate. Scientists found a gap of 5.5 billion tons per year between individual nations’ inventory accounting and emissions calculated by independent models. This stalls required actions, causes confusion, inaccuracy and doubt. Earth observation satellites with visible, infrared, and microwave sensors allow to capture, process, and interpret the data required to form a baseline set of observations to validate and coordinate mitigation efforts.
was one of the three warmest years on record as globally averaged mole fractions of CO2 exceeded 410 parts per million
Forest area fell by almost 100 million hectares in last 20 years and wild fires emitted more CO2 than the entire EU
Agriculture will be using 70% of Earth’s GHG ‘budget’ by 2050, creating 11 gigaton mitigation gap
The annual loss of soil due to erosion is around 24 billion tons per year that calculates to $480 billion of financial loss
Sustainable Development Goals provide a global framework for cooperation to address three dimensions within an ethical framework. These three dimensions include economic development, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. The potential of space in supporting the SDGs is very wide and its role is crucial as noted by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs. The United Nations specifically refers to space technologies to support the SDGs number 2, 6, 11, 13, 15 and 16. Almost all SDGs benefit from space technologies.